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February 13, 2012

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NMAH

Thanks for the info, Stacey! You're absolutely right about the patch. The new liberty torch patch was designed by a Japanese American, Mitch Miyamoto.

The 100th was created after the Hawaiian Territorial Guard, within two months after Dec 7, 1941, discharged all Japanese Americans from the unit. Additionally Nisei soldiers of the 298th and 299th regiments of the National Guard of Hawaii were scheduled for discharge. But, many organizations pressured the military to reinstate them into service. The decision was reversed and the recommendation was made to the War Department that a special unit be formed to accommodate Japanese American soldiers from Hawaii, and that the unit be sent to the mainland for training. On May 26, 1942, Gen. George C. Marshall issued orders establishing the Hawaiian Provisional battalion – an all-Nisei unit. Nisei soldiers were transferred from the 298th and 299th regiments to the Provisional Battalion. On June 5, 1300 men and 29 officers sailed for the mainland and combat training. The Hawaiian Provisional Battalion was activated as the 100th Infantry Battalion on June 10, 1942.

Stacey

Hi there, nice post.

You said this:

"The unit designed its own team patch and emblazoned it with the Liberty Torch."

Did you know it was because the patch that the US army designed for them was super racist and awful? It was a yellow hand holding a bloody samurai dagger. :P (linked it below.) Also, the Original 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) is from Hawaii and they were not volunteers; they were all draftees. They were already serving in the army when December 7th happened and were shipped out of Hawaii in secret on June 5th, 1942. They were not allowed to even say goodbye to their families (though some did disobey orders... though they didn't know where they were going). This "guinea pig" battalion truly paved the way for the formation of the 442nd RCT with their superb training record, along with the earnestness of the VVV (Varsity Victory Volunteers) back at home in Hawaii (they were the UH ROTC students who were dismissed from duty because they were Japanese (American)).


http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=983&bih=634&tbm=isch&tbnid=SeyZqsJd8NfjzM:&imgrefurl=http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t90585.html&docid=w0MYTBx8uEl-OM&imgurl=http://i385.photobucket.com/albums/oo292/kryptos_militaria/442RCT1stPattern.jpg&w=846&h=856&ei=pD09T5a0CqzKiQL2u7nQAQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=143&sig=111805359092016908056&page=1&tbnh=153&tbnw=160&start=0&ndsp=10&ved=0CG0QrQMwCA&tx=118&ty=115

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